BECK index / Contents / Index to Gospel Passages


Then Jesus spoke to the crowd and to his disciples,
"On the seat of Moses sit the scholars and the Pharisees.
Therefore do and keep whatever they tell you,
but do not do according to their actions;
for they talk and do not do.
They burden people with heavy loads hard to bear,
but they themselves are not willing
to move them with their finger.
Watch out for the scholars who devour the houses of widows
and in pretense make long prayers.

"All their actions they do to be seen by people;
for they broaden their phylacteries and lengthen the tassels,
and they love the places of honor at the dinners
and the best seats in the synagogues and walking in robes
and the greetings in the marketplaces
and to be called by people 'Rabbi.'

"But you are not to be called 'Rabbi;'
for one is your teacher, and you are all brothers.
Call no one your father on earth;
for one is your heavenly Father.
Nor be called leaders,
because your leader is one, the Christ.
The greatest of you will be your servant.
Whoever will exalt oneself will be humbled,
and whoever will humble oneself will be exalted.

"But woe to you, scholars and Pharisees, hypocrites,
because you shut the sovereignty of heaven
in front of people;
for you do not enter,
nor do you allow those coming in to enter.

"Woe to you, scholars and Pharisees, hypocrites,
because you go around the sea and the dry land
to make one convert; and when he becomes one,
you make him twice the son of hell you are.

"Woe to you, blind guides who say,
'Whoever swears by the temple, it is nothing;
but whoever swears by the gold of the temple,
he is obligated.'
Fools and blind ones, for which is greater,
the gold or the temple sanctifying the gold?
Also you say, 'Whoever swears by the altar, it is nothing;
but whoever swears by the gift upon it,
he is obligated.'
Blind ones, for which is greater,
the gift or the altar sanctifying the gift?

"Therefore whoever swears by the altar
swears by it and everything on it;
whoever swears by the temple
swears by it and the one dwelling in it;
and whoever swears by heaven
swears by the throne of God and the one sitting on it.

"Woe to you, scholars and Pharisees, hypocrites,
because you tithe mint and dill and cumin,
and have left the weightier part of the law,
justice and mercy and faith;
but these are necessary to do,
and those are not to be left either.
Blind guides, who strain out the gnat,
but swallow the camel.

"Woe to you, scholars and Pharisees, hypocrites,
because you clean the outside of the cup and the dish,
but inside they are full of greed and self-indulgence.
Blind Pharisee, clean first the inside of the cup
so that the outside of it may also be clean.

"Woe to you, scholars and Pharisees, hypocrites,
because you resemble whitewashed tombs,
which outwardly appear pleasant,
but inside they are full of the dead's bones
and everything unclean.
So also you outwardly appear to be just people,
but inside you are full of hypocrisy and lawlessness.

"Woe to you, scholars and Pharisees, hypocrites,
because you build the tombs of the prophets
and adorn the monuments of the just,
and your fathers killed them.
You say, 'If we had been in the days of our fathers,
we would not have participated with them
in the blood of the prophets.'
So you testify against yourselves
that you approve of your fathers' deeds;
for they killed them, and you build their tombs.
Snakes, products of vipers!
How are you to escape from the judgment of hell?

"For this reason also the wisdom of God said,
'I will send you prophets and the wise and scholars;
some of them you will kill and crucify,
and some of them you will whip in your synagogues
and persecute from town to town;'
so comes upon you all the just blood shed on earth
from the blood of the just Abel
up to the blood of Zacharias, son of Barachiah,
whom you murdered between the sanctuary and the altar.
Amen, I tell you, all these will come upon this generation.

"Jerusalem, Jerusalem, who kills the prophets
and stones those sent to you,
how often have I wished to gather your children,
the way a bird gathers her young under her wings,
and you were not willing.
Look, your house is forsaken.
For I tell you, you may not see me
until the time comes when you say,
'Praised be the one coming in the name of the Lord.'"

Sitting opposite the contribution box
he saw how the crowd was putting money into the box;
many rich people put in large amounts;
and one poor widow coming put in two copper coins,
which is a penny.

Calling to his disciples he said to them,
"Amen, I tell you that this poor widow
has put in more than all those contributing;
for they all put in gifts out of their abundance,
but she out of her need put in everything she had,
her whole living."

75. Hypocrisy of the Scholars and Pharisees Harmony 75 * Interpretation 75
76. Prophecies of the End of the Age Harmony 76 * Synthesis 76 * Interpretation 76

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