BECK index


Volume 2: 30 BC To 1453

Age of Belief

by Sanderson Beck


Africa and America 30 BC-1453

Toltecs and Aztecs
North America

THE EAST 30 BC TO 1453

India 30 BC-320 CE
Gupta Empire and India 320-750
Plays of Bhasa, Kalidasa, and Bhavabhuti
Hindu Kingdoms 750-1000
Tibetan Buddhism
India and Muslim Invaders 1000-1453
Literature of Medieval India


Wang Mang's Revolution
Later Han Empire
China Divided and Reunited 220-618
Sui Dynasty 581-617
Tang Dynasty Empire 618-907
Song Dynasty Renaissance 960-1279
Neo-Confucian Ethics
Mongol Empire
Literature of Medieval China

Southeast Asia, Korea, and Japan

Burma and Thailand
Java, Sumatra, and Malaya
Japan to 794
Japan's Heian Era
Murasaki's Tale of Genji
Feudal Japan 1192-1453
No Plays of Kannami, Zeami, and Zenchiku


Empire of Augustus and Tiberius

Rome Under Augustus
Virgil's Aeneid
Horace and Propertius
Ovid's Art of Love
Ovid's Metamorphoses
Rome Under Tiberius
Judea under Herod and Caesar
Essene Community by the Dead Sea
Philo of Alexandria

Jesus and His Apostles

John the Baptist
Jesus According to Mark
Jesus According to Matthew
Jesus According to Luke
Jesus According to John
Thomas and the Gnostics
Peter, James, and the Church
Paul and Christianity
Christian Fathers and Martyrs to 180

Roman Decadence 37-96

Caligula 37-41
Claudius 41-54
Nero 54-68
Seneca's Tragedies
Seneca's Stoic Ethics
Judean and Roman Wars 66-70
Vespasian, Titus, and Domitian 70-96
Roman Literature in the First Century
Quintilian's Education of an Orator
Apollonius of Tyana

Rome Under Better Emperors 96-180

Nerva 96-98 and Trajan 98-117
Dio Chrysostom's Discourses
Plutarch's Essays
Epictetus' Stoic Discourses
Hadrian 117-138
Antoninus Pius 138-161
Marcus Aurelius 161-180
Stoic Ethics of Marcus Aurelius
Literature in the Second Century
Lucian's Comic Criticism


Roman Empire In Turmoil 180-285

Commodus 180-192 and Pertinax
Severus Dynasty 193-235
Roman Wars 235-285
Judah and the Mishnah
Irenaeus, Tertullian, Hippolytus, and Cyprian
Clement of Alexandria and Origen
Mani and Manichaeism
Plotinus and Neo-Platonism
Literature in the Third Century

Roman Power and Christian Conflict 285-395

Diocletian's Reforms 284-305
Constantine's Religious Revolution 306-337
Constantine's Sons 337-361
Julian's Pagan Revival 361-363
Valentinian, Valens, Gratian, and Theodosius
Antony, Arius, and Athanasius
Basil and Two Gregorys of Cappadocia
Martin, Ambrose, and Prudentius
John Chrysostom and Jerome

Augustine and the Fall of Rome 395-476

Augustine's Confessions
Augustine and the Catholic Church
Augustine's City of God
Roman Empire Invaded 395-425
Macrobius and Cassian
Roman Empire Reduced 425-476
Orosius and Salvian
Leo, Patrick, and Severin

Goths, Franks, and Justinian's Empire 476-610

Zeno, Anastasius, and Theodoric's Ostrogoths
Boethius' Consolation of Philosophy
Frank Kingdom of Clovis and His Sons
Benedict's Monastic Rule
Justinian's Imperial Wars to 540
Justinian's Imperial Wars after 540
Justinian and Roman Law
Roman Empire Disintegration 565-610
Frank Civil Wars and Brunhild 561-613
Saxon Kingdoms in Britain 476-616
Pope Gregory's Reforms 590-604


Muhammad and the Spread of Islam

Muhammad in Mecca
Muhammad in Medina at War 622-628
Muhammad Triumphant 628-632
Muhammad's Qur'an
Islamic Wars in the Near East 632-661
Umayyad Caliphate 661-750

Islamic Culture 750-1095

'Abbasid Caliphate 750-945
Umayyad Spain and Fatimid Africa
Samanids, Ghaznavids, Buyids, and Seljuqs
Nizam al-Mulk's Rules for Kings
Ferdowsi's Shah-nameh
Rabi'a, Muhasibi, Al-Hallaj and other Sufis
Al-Razi, Al-Farabi, and Miskawayh
Avicenna, Ibn Hazm, and Ibn Gabirol
1001 Nights and 'Umar Khayyam's Ruba'iyat

Byzantine Empire 610-1095

Heraclius and Byzantine Wars 610-717
Maximus the Confessor and John of Damascus
Leo III and Byzantine Iconoclasm 717-843
Byzantine Empire and Bulgaria 843-927
Byzantine Expansion 927-1025
Byzantine Decline 1025-1095
Barlaam and Ioasaph and Digenis Akritas

Franks and Anglo-Saxons 613-899

Isidore and Christian Spain
Lombards and Franks 613-774
Charlemagne 768-814 and Alcuin
Frank Empire Divided 814-899
Anglo-Saxons 616-865
Beowulf and Irish Legends
John Scotus Erigena
Danes in England and Alfred 871-899

Vikings and Feudal Europe 900-1095

Vikings and Scandinavia
England and the Danes 900-1042
Franks and Western Europe 900-1095
Christian Spain 900-1095
Germans and the Ottos 900-1002
Russia to 1097
Italy and the Popes 900-1045
Germans and Eastern Europe 1002-1095
Italy, Normans, and Reform Popes 1045-1095
England and the Norman Conquest 1042-1095

CRUSADES ERA 1095-1300

Crusaders, Greeks, and Muslims

Crusade for Jerusalem 1095-1100
Jerusalem Kingdom of the Baldwins 1100-1131
Crusaders, Manuel, and Nur-ad-Din 1131-1174
Saladin and Crusading Kings 1174-1198
Crusades to Constantinople and Egypt 1198-1255
Mongol and Egyptian Invasions 1255-1300

Islamic Culture 1095-1300

Al-Ghazali's Mystical Ethics
Ibn Tufayl, Averroes, and Al-Tusi
Maimonides' Guide for the Perplexed
Sufism of Gilani, Suhrawardi, and Ibn 'Arabi
Sufi Literature of Sana'i and 'Attar
Rumi's Masnavi and Discourses
Sa'di's Rose Garden and Orchard

Europe's 12th-Century Development

German Empire 1095-1152
England under Norman Kings 1095-1154
Italian Republics and Norman Sicily 1095-1197
France and Flanders 1095-1200
Spanish Peninsula 1095-1200
Scandinavia 1095-1200
Eastern Europe 1095-1200
Germany's Frederick I and Henry VI 1152-1197
England under Henry II and Richard 1154-1199

Europe's 13th-Century Progress

England's John and Magna Carta 1199-1226
Frederick II, Italy and German Empire 1197-1250
France and Flanders 1200-1300
Spanish Peninsula 1200-1300
Scandinavia 1200-1300
Eastern Europe 1200-1300
England Under Henry III 1227-1272
Germany and Italian City States 1250-1300
England Under Edward I 1272-1300

Christian Ethics 1095-1300

Abelard and Bernard of Clairvaux
Aelred of Rievaulx's Spiritual Friendship
John of Salisbury on Politics
Hildegard of Bingen
Cathars and the Albigensian Crusade
Dominic and His Preaching Brothers
Francis of Assisi and His Lesser Brothers
Bonaventure's Ethics
Ethics of Thomas Aquinas
Roger Bacon and Moral Philosophy
Ramon Llull's Spiritual Writings

European Literature 1095-1300

Epics of Roland and the Cid
Geoffrey of Monmouth and The Mabinogion
Romantic Love and Lais by Marie de France
Arthurian Romances by Chrétien de Troyes
Nibelungenlied and Wolfram von Eschenbach
Romances of Tristan and Lancelot
Snorri Sturluson and His Sagas
Icelandic Sagas: Laxdaela, Eyrbyggja, and Njal
Romance of the Rose
Theater and Lives of Saints

Summary and Evaluation

Asia, Africa and America
Roman Domination 30 BC to 180 CE
Roman Decline and Christianity 180-610
Muslim, Byzantine and Frank Empires 610-1095
Crusades Era 1095-1300
Evaluating the Age of Belief

Chronological Index 30 BC to 750 CE
Chronological Index 750-1300 CE


BECK index